Rectal prolapse

What is Rectal prolapse?

Rectal prolapse occurs when part of the large intestine’s lowest section (rectum) slips outside the muscular opening at the end of the digestive tract (anus). While rectal prolapse may cause discomfort, it’s rarely a medical emergency.

Rectal prolapse can sometimes be treated with stool softeners, suppositories and other medications. But surgery is usually needed to treat rectal prolapse.

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What are the
Symptoms of Rectal prolapse?

If you have rectal prolapse, you may notice a reddish mass that comes out of the anus, often while straining during a bowel movement. The mass may slip back inside the anus, or it may remain visible.

Other symptoms may include:

  • The inability to control bowel movements (fecal incontinence)
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Leaking blood or mucus from the rectum
  • Feeling that your rectum isn’t empty after a bowel movement

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Diagnosis & treatment of rectal prolapse

The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is by examination. However, in cases where the prolapse is not obvious, one may need a colorectal specialist and specialized X-rays to diagnose this condition. Treatment of the condition depends on the severity of the condition when diagnosed.

Lifestyle changes may be needed to ensure regular bowel movements with dietary modifications, laxatives and doing pelvic floor exercises. If this does not improve or the condition is serious, surgery may be required.

A colorectal surgeon usually performs the surgery. Using modern key-hole (laparoscopic or robotic) surgery, the rectum i